Many people will wonder why we should remember and recall the painful disaster. Because only by ignoring and engraving it can we realize it, cherish our lives and make clear the meaning of “time is quiet and good” In history, different countries and regions have suffered from natural disasters and man-made disasters, and people have built memorial tablets and other public works of art for them.
The First Tomb of the Unknown Soldier
In France, ancient and modern public works of art can be seen everywhere, each with its own novel. The Arc de Triomphe in Star Square has been sitting in Paris for more than 200 years and is world-famous. Under this successful repair, there is a tomb of an unknown righteous man built on November 11, 1920.
On November 11th, 1920, it was the first commemoration day of the second anniversary of the Great Peace in the World. France lost 1.5 million soldiers in the first Yamato War, including a group of soldiers who could not find their identities or bodies. Therefore, thousands of families can’t find the remains of their loved ones. Whenever a news channel finds the remains of a soldier in the ruins of the field, thousands of mothers will rush to cry in front of the remains. In order to comfort the families of these people who died, the French authorities decided to build a memorial monument for these unknown volunteers.
The location was chosen at the Arc de Triomphe in the center of Paris, but because the town of Paris is full of historical relics, in order not to maintain the original cultural heritage, the planner placed the memorial monument in three-dimensional and underground. They selected an unknown soldier to be buried here. In front of the tomb, they wrote: “Here lies a French soldier who died in 1914-1918 (ICI Repose UN Soldat Franais Mortpour la Patrie 1914-1918)”, representing 1.5 million French officers and men who died in a great war.
The name of a hero engraved on the wall of the Arc de Triomphe 200 years ago echoes the name of an unknown person who is resting on the ground. The French officials have left their marks in people’s hearts for freedom and equality, success and dying, and the yearning for their loved ones, and they have returned home.
German Jews slaughtered monuments.
During the Second Peace Period, the German Nazis slaughtered as many as 6 million Jews all day, which was a humiliation of German history. However, the German authorities did not cover up and despise it, but chose to ignore the history and the past companions of German officials. In Berlin, the capital, a memorial monument and memorial hall for Jewish massacre was planned and built by Peter Eisenmann, a famous American repair planner.
The memorial hall is built underground, which contains information about the victims and the places where they are in trouble. The memorial tablet group is located on the ground, which is made up of 2711 columns of different fire mud, like a cemetery. Each memorial tablet is made of gray self-sealing concrete, like a coffin, without any pen, ink or decoration. Walking through it, it seems that you can hear silent crying and feel endless sadness.
Statue of Anne Frank
Anne Frank, a German Jew, was imprisoned in a concentration camp in 1945 and died in 1945. He was less than 16 years old. Anne’s family was arrested by the Nazis on August 4, 1944. Before that, they had been hiding in the “secret house” in Amsterdam, the Netherlands for two years.
Anne recorded the changes around her in her diary in the past two years, which is considered to be the most authentic testimony of the Nazi massacre and poisoning of Jews. As a souvenir, Anne’s father, otto frank, and Amsterdam city officials converted the secret house that Anne’s family and four other Jews avoided into a memorial hall in Anne Frank. Next to the exhibition hall, a statue of Anne Frank sat up. Her face was vague and not at all beautiful than Anne herself, but the innocent format of the sculpture covered the cruel corner of the Nazi massacre, and she also wore it to look forward to it.
Vietnam strives for a memorial tablet.
In the woods of the Constitution Garden a few hundred meters away from Lincoln Memorial Hall, a 500-foot-long V-shaped memorial tablet made of dark black granite sits. The V-shaped monument extends to two directions, pointing to Lincoln Memorial Hall and Washington Memorial Monument respectively, which also makes people feel the close contact between the memorial monument and the memorial repair of these two countries.
A bird’s-eye view of the monument seems to be that the earth has been cut by a knife, leaving an incurable scar.
There are 58,132 names of the mourners on the memorial tablet. When people who go to remember the memorial browse and touch these names, the mirror-smooth marble reflects their faces, and people see the past and the present. Every life in peace and strife is precious. Unfortunately, they have become the sacrifice of political affairs and strife, and they will never meet their relatives again.
Lin Ying, the planner of the memorial tablet, said that the main body of this plan is “people” rather than politics. Only when you accept this kind of pain and the reality of this kind of death can you get rid of their shadows and surpass them. “
Yuehe Memorial Monument connects two worlds.
Vietnam’s peace struggle is not a boastful accident for the United States to go to the road. On the 20th anniversary of the Vietnam Peace, the Secretary of Defense of the United States wrote in his memoir: “People are always smarter afterwards than before. No one is perfect, and we can’t help but make companions. We have to admit it frankly with pain and a heavy heart.”
On April 19, 1995, an explosive terrorist attack occurred in Oklahoma, USA. This explosion was the most serious terrorist attack in foreign countries of the United States before the September 11th attacks in 2001, which resulted in 168 deaths and 680 injuries. It also damaged or praised 324 buildings around 16 blocks, and 86 cars were sold or praised by shock waves.
In 2000, the memorial hall was restored on the original site of the bombed Alfred P. Morty Federal Building, and a group of empty chairs were used for public art. Empty chairs are made of bronze and stone, neatly arranged in a square, and each chair is engraved with the names of the victims, representing 168 lives who died.
Deep thinking pool of returning to zero
The 9/11 Rebellion was the most serious terrorist attack in the United States so far, resulting in nearly 3,000 people dying, 7 buildings including the Twin Towers collapsed and damaged their reputation, part of the maintenance of the Pentagon collapsed, and the surrounding repairs and towns were also in a mess. Ten years later, more than 3,700 firefighters, police officers, sanitation workers, etc., who participated in high-altitude relief and cleaning, suffered from cancer, including more than 2,100 firefighters, many of whom endured the suffering of patients for a long time. For them, “9.11” is far from the past. Although the United States suffered this disaster because of hegemonism, thousands of people who died and their families who lost their loved ones were innocent.
The original site of the World Trade Center in new york, now called “Back to Ground Zero”, has two square sunken memorial pools, and the underground is a museum, which were built to commemorate the terrorist attack on the World Trade Center on September 11th, 2001. In 2006, the United States began to restore the September 11th National Memorial Hall in the original site of the World Trade Center. In 2011, the Memorial Hall was officially opened to the public. The two pits left by the Twin Towers were built into two huge sunken waterfall fire pools, which were called “Pondering Pool”, and the names of the victims were engraved around the fire pool. On memorial day every year, people will go to the memorial pool to mourn the victims. In the silence, listening to the rushing fire, we seem to be able to perceive what they are reading.
Public art in New Orleans
At the end of August, 2005, Hurricane Katrina landed in the United States and increased to category 5 hurricane in the Gulf of Mexico. After the flood control dam burst, the American authorities asked millions of people in New Orleans to evacuate the area where the hurricane could not reach, and more than one third of the oil fields near the Gulf of Mexico were forced to close. The hurricane caused great damage to New Orleans, and 80% of the area was swallowed up by fire, so that at least 1,833 people died and more than 1 million people were homeless. After the hurricane, New Orleans joined the anarchy and the crime rate soared. After the Special Investigation Committee of the House of Representatives of the United States Congress closed its investigation report on the hurricane Katrina, The Washington Journal issued a document to counter the poor preparation, structure, harmony and response of many American authorities, institutions and senior officials before and after the hurricane disaster.
For the city officials in New Orleans who experienced the hurricane, despair is the most profound image. This urged the artists to create with hurricane as the setting in the “Looking at 1” Biennale held in 2008 after the restoration of the New Orleans Regulations. Many works of the Biennale are scattered in every corner of New Orleans, and become public art integrated into towns and cities.
Ehrlich’s works use a thin ladder to lift a abandoned window in a building. The window has no other support, and there is no hope of survival.
The clock of Xuankou Middle School
In 2008, the Wenchuan earthquake left a mark on many people’s hearts. Broken bricks and tiles, pieces of ruins, devastation, busy searchers day and night, survivors looking forward to relief, were full of images. About 70 thousand people died in the earthquake, and nearly 20 thousand people disappeared. Up to now, on May 12 every year, we will push the alarm to engrave the tragic magic disaster and be alert to the earthquake disaster.
5.12 Wenchuan Earthquake was born at 14: 28: 04 Beijing time on May 12, 2008. Yingxiu Town in Wenchuan suffered the worst disaster. The remains of Xuankou Middle School in this town are the most complete earthquake relics, and the remains of 19 famous students and 2 teachers are still under pressure under broken walls. At that time, a clock found in the ruins always stopped at 2: 28 pm. In order to commemorate the Wenchuan earthquake, people put a white marble engraved clock on the ruins of Xuankou Middle School, and the cracks formed by the hour hand and the minute hand condensed when the earthquake occurred.
White marble clock of Xuankou middle school ruins
These public arts commemorating the disaster are scars on the growth of the country, but they are ugly but not shameful in front of life, history and culture, because they announce the history reality and load social obligations. “He Guo Ce Wei Ce Si” says: “Those who don’t know anything, those who don’t know anything; There is no reporter, there is no reporter. ” Those disasters are the worst, reporter. We remember the disaster in order not to suffer the same injury again. We can’t repeat the past. Through many public arts, we can think deeply about the past and better move forward.